Many dental problems can be corrected painlessly and easily if they’re caught in time. That’s why it’s so crucial to look out for dental issues that kids commonly face, and make sure they’re corrected early on.
Early detection and treatment can help with these 7 childhood dental problems:
This is where a fibrous band of tissue known as the lingual frenum is attached too high on the underside of the tongue. If this band is too thick and extends almost till the tip of the tongue, it can limit the tongue’s natural movement and cause slurred speech.
A small surgical procedure performed when your child is 1-2 years old can correct this problem, by removing the fibrous band. Without early treatment, speech development may be affected, causing self-esteem and confidence issues later in life.
Baby Bottle Caries
If milk collects on the labial surface of the upper four milk teeth, behind the upper lip, it can cause caries or cavities. Also known as early childhood caries and baby bottle tooth decay, this occurs when your child’s mouth is not properly cleaned after feeding.
To avoid the development of early childhood caries, you need to clean your child’s teeth with a soft toothbrush or wet cloth and remove any milk stuck to them. Pay special attention to their upper and lower front teeth while cleaning.
Cavities in Molars
Check your little one’s teeth for cavities every fortnight or once a month. If cavities have developed in their milk teeth molars, these need to be filled at the earliest. If they’re ignored, your kid might need to get root canal treatment or even an extraction later on.
Early detection and treatment of cavities can prevent them from becoming worse, saving your child a lot of pain and discomfort down the line. It also keeps them from developing dental anxiety as a result of extensive procedures.
You need to pay attention to the way your child’s teeth line up when they bite. If their upper teeth stick out too far over lower teeth, or vice versa, they may have an overbite or underbite. If their teeth are too large, small or protruding, they may have tooth crowding or spacing problems.
To prevent difficulties with speech, eating and biting, occlusion needs to be corrected with palatal expanders or braces depending on the type of malocclusion. With early orthodontic treatment, you can ensure that your child’s jaw and teeth line up properly as they grow.
Abnormal Oral Growth
It’s important for your child to have a complete dental examination at an early age. An experienced pediatric dentist or orthodontist can detect any congenital growth defects and abnormalities in their jaw, teeth and facial structure, which can be corrected with dental treatment or surgery.
If these problems are not taken care of while your child’s oral structure is still developing, they can result in permanent facial defects. Not only will this affect the kid’s self-esteem, but may also lead to bite or speech problems as they grow older.
Discoloration of Teeth
In addition to examining bite position, you should check for any unusual patches or stains on your child’s teeth. White patches or other color and texture discrepancies on the tooth surface can indicate problems with your child’s oral development or nutrition, as well as dental problems.
Visually inspect your kid’s baby teeth, permanent teeth, and surrounding gum tissue on a regular basis throughout childhood. Also make sure they clean their teeth properly, eat a balanced and nutritious diet and visit the dentist regularly for checkups.
It’s common for very young children to suck on their thumb while they sleep, but this can cause alignment problems if it continues beyond 2-3 years of age. Discourage your little ones from thumb sucking and tongue thrusting, and watch for signs of mouth breathing as well.
If your child is constantly breathing through the mouth instead of the nose, they may have a nasal obstruction or sinus problems. Early treatment with surgery or oral appliances can correct these issues before they create other problems.
Prevention is the best cure, so pay attention to your child’s dental health!