Walkers are a medical device that helps people with disabilities and older people with movement disorders to move around. This device acts as a support. Walkers depend on the purpose of use and functionality. The best thing is for the walker to be picked up by the attending physician. Medical walkers are divided into the following types:
- For the elderly weak person as a support.
- For the disabled as an assistant when walking.
- As rehabilitation equipment to the affected person.
Also, walkers are distinguished by the place of use:
- For home.
- For the street.
To ensure maximum comfort and convenience when moving, you need to choose the right walker. The load and height of the walker are selected according to the body weight and height of a person.
Parameters of choosing a Medical Walkers
It is very important to choose a walker that match the height of the person. Otherwise, too low or high walkers can lead to poor posture. In a properly selected walker, the handle should be at the level of the wrist with hands lose. When walking, elbows will be bent at the right angle. Today, you can find models of walkers with height adjustment. Such walkers are more versatile and are suitable for use by people of different heights.
- The weight:
Walkers are depending on the maximum load that they can withstand. If the weight of the patient is too large, the walkers will bend and break, which may lead to a fall of the patient and injury.
It is an important element when choosing a walker. The handle should be selected depending on the individual characteristics of the patient for comfortable use of the walker. If your hands do not sweat, it is better to choose a plastic handle. Otherwise, you should look at the soft handle with a porous coating. Big handles are ideal for people with arthritis because small handles will make the process of using walkers painful and uncomfortable.
Walkers with wheels are called rollators. There are two types, such as three wheels and four. For greater maneuverability and for use in a limited space, it is better to choose three-wheel rollators. And for use on the street, it is better to choose rollators with four wheels since they are more stable and can be used by the patient even on an uneven surface.
- Wheel size:
It is another important parameter. Small wheels are more suitable for home use, and large wheels for streets and uneven surfaces. Also, note that some models may be equipped with pneumatic or blocking brakes.
For the disabled, it is better to choose a medical walker with the presence of the front wheels and a lightweight frame. The older person will more like rollators and walkers with a support under the elbow.
What are the Different Types of a Medical Walker?
The lowest model walker. Ordinary walker that needs to be raised and rearranged in front of you to make a move.
- Folding walking:
These walkers are more convenient and easy to operate than standard ones. The steps are done by moving the frame. They can be adjusted in height. They take up little space because they fold easily. Handles are usually rubber and non-slip. The design is made of aluminum, so the walkers are lightweight. Ideal for use by a person with weak hands and arms.
With the help of a switch, the mode of their use is changed, the frame becomes fixed or movable. With them, you can walk with both standard and folding walkers.
Walker models with only front wheels, three or four wheels, and also with brakes are available. Some models additionally have a built-in rest seat. Rollators are the most stable and safest type of walker. They are ideal for use outdoors and on uneven surfaces.
It is equipped with two or four handrails. The first pair of handrails is located at the bottom of the walker, and the other at the top. With this design, the user can comfortably rely on the lower handrails and then on the upper ones.
They are also often referred to as walkers, crutches. Allow you to maximally shift the load from the hands to the armpits. Suitable for use after a stroke and people with impaired coordination.
- Heavy and tall with armrests:
The largest type of walker. Their weight can reach 20 kg. Suitable for people with weak wrists and with a back injury. Their great height allows you to literally lie in them standing. This type of walker is equipped with rollers under the elbows and shoulders. They are intended for use at home.
- Designed for people who are overweight and designed for heavy loads up to 200 kg.
Walkers are the demand of medical device that is designed to assist in the movement and rehabilitation of patients after serious injuries. Also, use old age people who have difficulty moving independently. The walker enables the body to maintain a stable balance and reduce the load on the legs.
Advantages of using a medical walker
Medical walkers are designed in such a way like walking up to 60% of a person’s body weight rests on the arms, while the height of these devices is optimal in order not to cause any harm to the elbow and shoulder joints. The advantages of the walker compared with other supporting means
- Decreases the load on the legs.
- The use of rollators allows you to maintain stability while walking on an uneven surface.
- Walkers in use are safer than a cane or crutches.
- Lightweight products.
It is possible to move with the help of a walker in any room with the help of extra care. To overcome the stairs, it may require external assistance but it is strictly forbidden to move with a walker on the escalator.